Air Cargo to Brazil: How to Export?
What are the characteristics sector of the air cargo to Brazil
In 2018, Brazil’s GDP grew by 1.3%, due to the good performance of its trade balance. Air freight to Brazil grew by 10.2% to reach US$ 239.9 billion, and imports increased by 20.2% to US$ 181.2 billion.
According to data from Comex Stat, of the Brazilian Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, imports that arrived by air in 2018 reached a value of 31,781 million dollars, 6.4% more than in 2017. In other words, 17.5% of the value of Brazil’s imports are goods entering the country by air.
Likewise, imported goods represented in 2018 a volume of air cargo of 259.6 thousand tons, 4.2% more than that registered in the previous year.
“In 2018 Brazil increased imports more than exports and the value of imports by air accounted for 17.5% of its total purchases abroad”
Air cargo to Brazil in 2018 was characterized by high value products, given that the US$/kg ratio of goods entering by air was 122.41, while in the maritime mode it was 0.93 US$/kg.
The Brazilian imports that enter through the country’s airports are mainly electronic and computer equipment, chemical and pharmaceutical products, and accessories for the automotive sector
The origin of much of the air cargo exported to Brazil is Peru, Chile, the United States, Spain, Germany, Italy, China and India,
The ten most important Brazilian airports in air cargo handling are in descending order: Manaus, Curitiba, Recife, Navegantes, Goiânia, Vitória, São José dos Campos, Londrina, Joinville and Foz do Iguaçu.
Who manages the air cargo terminals in Brazil
Infraero, Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária, is the state entity in charge of managing the country’s network of 63 airports.
Infraero also operates the 34 air cargo logistics terminals located in different airports and grouped in the TECA network. These terminals have equipment to handle and store any kind of merchandise, such as cold stores or special areas for valuable or dangerous products.
In 2018, a total of 319.50 thousand tons of goods were handled in the TECA network terminals, both loaded and unloaded.
“The airports in Brazil that handle the largest volume of both import and export air cargo are those in Manaus and Curitiba”
The two Brazilian airports that manage the largest volume of cargo are Manaus, with 26,440 tons moved from January to November 2018, and Curitiba, with 19,059 tons. It is followed by other airports such as Recife (9,875 tons), Navegantes (4,970 tons), Goiânia (4,229 tons), Vitória (3,515 tons) and São José dos Campos (3,207 tons).
As for the air cargo unloaded, the airports that are imminent importers are Manaus, with 24,572 tons unloaded from January to November 2018, followed by Curitiba, with 9,686 tons; Navegantes, with 4,968 tons, Goiânia, with 4,195 tons and Vitória, with 3,473 tons.
At Logisber we are experts in the Brazilian air cargo market and from our office in the city of Sao Paulo, Logisber Forwarding do Brasil Ltda, we manage any export to any airport in Brazil.
What is required to export air cargo to Brazil
All air cargo exported to Brazil must be registered by Infraero upon arrival at the TECA network terminals, for subsequent customs control by the Receita Federal do Brasil.
The documents that accompany an air cargo export to Brazil are: the Cargo Manifest that is delivered to the airline, and the Air Waybill, which contains information on the quantity and volume of the cargo, the weight, the packaging and its nature
At the same time, the freight forwarder or logistics operator delivers to the Brazilian Customs all the required documentation, and the data is confirmed in the Siscomex system.
After the unloading and verification of the merchandise in the handling terminal, the storage in the terminal is carried out. The cargo remains here until the beginning of the customs clearance process carried out by the importer.
Goods that are subject to government agency controls require an Import License, which is generally obtained prior to loading the cargo at the point of origin.
“Logisber’s experience in exporting airfreight to Brazil is backed up by more than ten years of activity with its own office in this country”
The imported cargo is released to be delivered to the recipient once the release document or Declaration has been registered with the Brazilian Federal Revenue Service.
Afterwards, the merchandise is analyzed for tax purposes and assigned a green channel (delivery without documentary or physical verification), a yellow channel (documentary verification prior to delivery), a red channel (documentary and physical verification prior to delivery) or a gray channel (documentary, physical verification and customs valuation).
After these customs procedures have been completed, the goods are delivered to the importer or his legal representative, although Infraero may consult the State Treasury Secretariat before completing the delivery.
At Logisber we have over ten years of experience in the air cargo market with Brazil. Through Logisber Forwarding do Brasil Ltda we take care of all the documentary processing and follow up of the goods until they are delivered to the importer at their destination.